Basic Information About Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

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UTI or Urinary Tract Infection is very common in women but if may occur in men too. It generally affects the inner lining of the urinary tract however a serious infection affects the kidney as well.
Causes
This infection is typically caused by microbes, viruses, fungi and bacteria that enter the urethra and travel up to the bladder and sometimes the kidneys and then multiply.
Symptoms
• Pain in the pelvic area
• Increase in the frequency to urinate
• Pain or burning sensation while urinating
• Blood in the urine
• Fever, chills, back pain , groin pain , nausea and vomiting    if the infection affects the kidney

Prevention
• Good personal hygiene is a must to avoid UTI.
• Always clean the toilet seat before use. Keep a toilet seat sanitizer spray handy. 
• Take care of your clothing and don’t wear tight-fitted bottoms. Try and use cotton or any breathable fabric Synthetic fabrics should be completely avoided for bottom-wear.
• Make it a habit to urinate before and after any sexual activity .
• To avoid the bacteria to infect the urinary tract the front & back of the vagina should be cleaned properly after every washroom visit.
• Avoid the use of any scented soaps or washes around the genital area as it might kill the useful healthy bacteria present around that area.
Treatment
A urinary tract infection is generally treated with antibiotics to prevent it from spreading to the kidneys. A prolonged course of the medication may be needed for those with recurrent infections. If the infection affects the kidneys than hospitalization may be required. Severe kidney infection may require a surgery .